Did You Know?
A particular tzolkin/haab date recurs every 18,980 days, whereas
a long count date (assuming that the long count starts over at
0.0.0.0.0 on reaching 13.0.0.0.0) recurs every 1,872,000 days (once
in 5,125.37 years). The combination of a long count date and a
tzolkin/haab date occurs only once every 136,656,000 days
(approximately 374,152 years or 73 Maya eras).
The Mayan Calendar conversion applet below gives the following
dates:
Start of the Mayan calendar (long count cycle): 0.0.0.0.0 [ 4 Ahau
8 Cumku ] is Aug 10, 3113 BC
End of the Mayan calendar (long count cycle): 13.0.0.0.0 [ 4 Ahau 3
Kankin ] is Dec 21, 2012 AD
AZTEC VS. MAYAN CALEDARS
The Aztec Calendar was basically similar to that of the Maya. The
ritual day cycle was called Tonalpohualli and was formed, as was the
Mayan Tzolkin, by the concurrence of a cycle of numerals 1 through
13 with a cycle of 20 day names, many of them similar to the day
names of the Maya.
Where the Aztec differed most significantly from the Maya was in
their more primitive number system and in their less precise way of
recording dates. Normally, they noted only the day on which an event
occurred and the name of the current year. This is ambiguous, since
the same day, as designated in the way mentioned above, can occur
twice in a year. Moreover, years of the same name recur at 52year
intervals, and Spanish colonial annals often disagree as to the
length of time between two events. Other discrepancies in the
records are only partially explained by the fact that different
towns started their year with different months. The most widely
accepted correlation of the calendar of Tenochtitlan with the
Christian Julian calendar is based on the entrance of Cortez into
that city on November 8, 1519, and on the surrender of Cuauhtzmoc
on August 13, 1521. According to this correlation, the first date
was a day 8 Wind, the ninth day of the month Quecholli, in a year 1
Reed, the 13th year of a cycle.
The Mexicans, as all other MesoAmericans, believed in the
periodic destruction and recreation of the world. The
"Calendar Stone" in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia
(National Museum of Anthropology) in Mexico City depicts in its
central panel the date 4 Ollin (movement), on which they anticipated
that their current world would be destroyed by earthquake, and
within it the dates of previous holocausts: 4 Tiger, 4 Wind, 4 Rain,
and 4 Water.
The Aztec calendar kept two different aspects of time;
tonalpohualli and xiuhpohualli. Each of these systems had a
different purpose.
The tonalpohualli was the 'counting of days.' It originated by
ancient peoples observing that the sun, crossed a certain zenith
point near the Mayan city of Copan, every 260 days. So this first
system is arranged in a 260day cycle. These 260 days were then
broken up into 20 periods, with each period containing 13 days,
called trecenas. Each period was given the name of something that
was then shown by a hieroglyphic sign, and each trecena was given a
number 113. Each trecena is also thought to have a god or deity
presiding over each of the trecena. They kept these counts in
tonalamatls, screenfold books made from bark paper.
The Aztecs used this as a religious calendar. Priests used the
calendar to determine luck days for such activities as sowing crops,
building houses, and going to war.
The xiuhpohualli was the 'counting of the years.' This calendar
was kept on a 365day solar count. This was also the agricultural
and ceremonial calendar of the Aztec state. It was divided into 18
periods, with each period containing 20 days, called veintenas. This
left five days that were not represented. These were called "nemontemi."
These were the five transition days between the old and the new
year, and were considered days of nothing. This was a time of
festivals. People came to the festivals with their best clothes on,
and took part in singing and dancing. This is also when the priest
would preform sacrifices, most of these sacrifices were human, but
others were preformed on animals and fruit.
The solar year was the basis for the civil calendar by which the
Mexicas (Aztecs) determined the myriad ceremonies and rituals linked
to agricultural cycles. The calendar was made up of 18 months, each
lasting 20 days. The months were divided into four fiveday weeks.
The year was rounded out to 365 days by the addition of the fiveday
nemontemi (empty days), an omnious period marked by the cessation of
normal activities and general abstinence. The correlation of dates
in the Gregorian calendar is uncertain, although most authors on the
subject affix the beginning of the Aztec year to early Febuary. A
variety of sources were consulted in developing the following chart
of some of the ritualistic activities associated with each month.
Many of the Aztecs' religious ceremonies, including frequent
human sacrifices, were performed at the Great Temple, located in the
center of their capital city of Tenochtitlan.
Every 52 years the tonalpohualli and the xiuhpohualli calendars
would align. This marked what was known as a mesoamerican
"century." Every one of these centuries was marked by
xiuhmolpilli  Binding Up of the Years or the New Fire Ceremony.
This was a festival that lasted 12 days and included fasting as a
symbol of penitence. At the beginning of this festival all the
lights in the city were extinguished  people let their hearth fires
go out.
Then on midnight of the 12th day of the festival, a prisoner was
taken to the priest. The priest would watch in the night sky for the
star of fire to reach the zenith. Once it did, the priest would
remove the heart of this man, and replace it with a piece of wood,
that was laid on a piece of turquoise. This is where the priest
would start the new fire that would once again light the city.
The tonalpohualli (count of days) was the sacred almanac of the
Mexicas. This ritual calendar was registered in the tonalamatl (book
of days), a greenfold bark paper or deerskin codex from which a
priest (called tonalpouque) cast horoscopes and predicated favorable
and unfavorable days of the cycle. The almanac year comprised of 260
days, each of which was assigned a date by intermeshing one of 20
daysigns, represented graphically with a gylph, and a number from 1
to13, represented by dots so that no two days in the cycle could be
confused. The almanac year was thus made up of 20 13day weeks, with
the first week beginning on 1Crocodile and ending on 13Reed, the
second week running from 1Ocelot to 13Deaths' Head and so on. A
god or goddess was believed to preside over each daysign.
THE MAYAN CALENDAR
The Classic Mayan civilization was unique and left us a way to
incorporate higher dimensional knowledge of time and creation. By tracking the movements of the Moon, Venus, and other heavenly
bodies, the Mayans realized that there were cycles in the Cosmos.
From this came their reckoning of time, and a calendar that
accurately measures the solar year to within minutes.
For the Maya there was a time for everything and everything
had it's place in time. The priests could interpret the heavens and
calendar. As the result they could
control the daily activities of the populace. Knowing when to plant,
when to harvest, the rainy and dry seasons, etc. gave them total
power and control. Their comprehension of time, seasons, and cycles
was immense.
The Maya understood 17 different Calendars based on the Cosmos.
Some of these calendars go back as far as ten million years and are
so difficult that you would need an astronomer, astrologer,
geologist, and a mathematician just to work out the calculations.
They also made tables predicting eclipses and the orbit of the planet
Venus.
The
calendars that are most important to beings of earth are the Haab,
the TunUc and the Tzolk'in. The Tzolk'in is the most important and
the one with the most influence.
 The Haab is based in the cycles of earth. It has 360 + 5 days,
totalling 365 days. The Haab uses 18 months with 20 days in each
month. There is a 19th month called a Vayeb and uses the 5 extra
days. Each month has it's own name/glyph. Each day uses a sacred
sun/glyph.
 The TunUc is the moon calendar. It uses 28 day cycles that
mirrors the women's moon cycle. This cycle of the moon is broken
down into 4 smaller cycles, of 7 day each. These smaller cycles are
the four phases of moon cycle.
 The Tzolk'in is the Sacred calendar of the Maya and is based on
the cycles of the Pleiadies. The cycle of the Pleiadies uses 26,000
years, but is reflected in the calendar we are using by encompassing
260 days. It uses the sacred numbers 13 and 20. The 13 represents
the numbers and 20 represents the sun/glyphs. The Tzolk'in has four
smaller cycles called seasons of 65 days each guarded by the four
suns of Chicchan, Oc, Men and Ahau. There are also Portal days
within the Tzolkin that create a double helix pattern using 52 days
and the mathematics of 28. This sacred calendar is still being used
for divination by the traditional Maya all over the Yucatan,
Guatemala, and Belize, and Honduras.
The Tzolkin calendar was meshed with a 365day solar cycle called
the "Haab". The calendar consisted of 18 months with 20
days (numbered 019) and a short "month" of only 5 days
that was called the Wayeb and was considered to be a dangerous time.
It took 52 years for the Tzolkin and Haab calendars to move through
a complete cycle.
Archaeologists claim that the Maya began counting time as of year 3114 B.C.
This is called the zero year and is likened to
January 1, 1 AD. All dates in the Long Count begin there, so the date
of the beginning of this time cycle is written 00000. 13 cycles of
394 years will have passed before the next cycle
begins, which is in year 2012 A.D. (130000).
Mayan Calendar Basics
The Mayas used three different calendar systems (and some
variations within the systems). The three systems are known as the tzolkin
(the sacred calendar), the haab (the civil calendar)
and the long count system.
The tzolkin is a cycle of 260 days and the haab is a cycle of 365
days.
The tzolkin cycle and the haab cycle were combined to produce a
cycle of 18,980 days, known as the calendar round. 18,980 days is a
little less than 52 solar years.
The "Calendar Round" is like two gears
that intermesh, one smaller than the other. One of the 'gears' is
called the tzolkin, or Sacred Round. The other is the haab, or
Calendar Round. The smaller wheels together represent
the 260day Sacred Round; the inner wheel, with the numbers one to
thirteen, meshes with the glyphs for the 20 day names on the outer
wheel. A section of a large wheel represents part of the 365day
year  18 months of 20 days each (numbered 019). The five days
remaining at year's end were considered evil. In the diagram, the
day shown is read 4 Ahua 8 Cumka. As the wheels turn in the
direction of the arrows, in four days it will read 8 Kan 12 Cumku.
Any day calculated on these cycles would not repeat for 18,980 days
 52 years.
Thus the Mayas could not simply use a tzolkin/haab date to
identify a day within a period of several hundred years because
there would be several days within this period with the same tzolkin/haab
date.
The Mayas overcame this problem by using a third dating system
which enabled them to identify a day uniquely within a period of
1,872,000 days  approximately 5,125.36 solar years. To do
this they used a vigesimal (i.e. based on 20) placevalue number
system, analogous to our decimal placevalue number system.
The Mayas used a pure vigesimal system for counting objects but
modified this when counting days. In a pure vigesimal system each
place in a number is occupied by a number from 0 to 19, and that
number is understood as being multiplied by a power of 20. Thus in
such a system:
2.3.4 = 2*20*20 + 3*20 + 4*1 = 864
11.12.13 = 11*20*20 + 12*20 + 13*1 = 4653 and
1.3.5.7 = 1*20*20*20 + 3*20*20 + 5*20 + 7*1 =
9307
When counting days, however, the Mayas used a system in which the
first place (as usual) had a value of 1, the second place had a
value of 20, but the third place had a value not of 400 (20*20) but
of 360 (18*20). (This may have been due to the fact that 360 is
close to the length of the year in days.) The value of higher places
continued regularly with 7,200 (20*18*20), 144,000 (20*20*18*20),
etc. In such a system:
1.3.5.7 = 1*20*18*20 + 3*18*20 + 5*20 + 7*1 = 8,387
and 11.12.13.14.15 = 11*20*20*18*20 + 12*20*18*20 + 13*18*20 + 14*20
+ 15*1
= 11*144,000 + 12*7,200 + 13*360 + 14*20 + 15
= 1,675,375.
A Maya long count date is a modified vigesimal number (as
described above) composed of five places, e.g. 9.11.16.0.0, and
interpreted as a count of days from some base date. There are many
long count dates inscribed in the stellae and written in the
codices. Calculation of the decimal equivalent of a long count
yields a number of days. This is regarded as a number of days
counted forward from a certain day in the past. It is the number of
days since the day 0.0.0.0.0. The obvious question is: What day was
used as the base date? This question has two aspects: (1) What
day was used by the Mayas as the base date? (2) What day
was that in terms of the Western calendar? We shall return to these
questions below.
Just as we have names (such as week) for certain periods
of time, the Mayas had names for periods consisting of 20 days, 360
days, 7,200 days, etc., in accord with their modified vigesimal
system of counting days. A day is known as a kin. Twenty kins
make a uinal, 18 uinals a tun, 20 tuns a katun
and 20 katuns a baktun. Thus we have:
1 kin = 1 day
1
uinal = 20 kins = 20 days
1
tun = 18 uinals = 360 days
1
katun = 20 tuns = 7,200 days
1
baktun = 20 katuns = 144,000 days
The numbers at the five places in the long count are thus counts
of baktuns, etc., as follows:
baktuns . katuns . tuns . uninals . kin
Thus, for example, 9.15.9.0.1 denotes a count of 9 baktuns, 15
katuns, 9 tuns, no uinals and 1 kin, or in other words, 9*144,000 +
15*7,200 + 9*360 + 0*20 + 1*1 days, or 1,407,201 days. It is a count
of days from the Maya base date of 0.0.0.0.0.
Most of the long count dates which occur in the stone
inscriptions have a baktun count of 9. The period 9.0.0.0.0 through
10.0.0.0.0, the period of the Classic Maya, is now thought by
scholars to coincide with the period (approximately) 436 A.D.
through 829 A.D. There are, however, some strange anomalies.
Morley deciphers two long count dates (found at Palenque) as
1.18.5.4.0 and 1.18.5.3.6 (14 days apart) which are some 2,794 solar
years prior to 9.0.0.0.0. Since there is no evidence that the Mayas
existed before about 500 B.C., what could these early long count
dates possibly be referring to?
We would expect that the next higher unit after the baktun would
consist of 20 baktuns, and it appears there was such a unit, called
a pictun. However, no long count date occurs with a baktun
count of more than 12, except that 13.0.0.0.0 occurs. A
widelyaccepted school of thought holds that in the Maya long count
system 13.0.0.0.0 marks the beginning of a new cycle, and so is
equivalent to 0.0.0.0.0. In this view, 13 baktuns make up a great
cycle or, Maya era, of 13*144,000 = 1,872,000 days (approximately
5125.37 solar years).
The date 0.0.0.0.0 is equal to year 3113 B.C..
The date 13.0.0.0.0 is equal to year 2012 A.D..
Sacred Calendar  Tzolkin dates
The tzolkin, sometimes known as the sacred calendar, is a cycle
of 260 days. Each tzolkin day is denoted by a combination of a
number from 1 through 13 and a name from the set of twenty (in the
order: Imix, Ik, Akbal, Kan ....):
Imix Cimi Chuen Cib
Ik Manik Eb Caban
Akbal Lamat Ben Edznab
Kan Muluc Ix Cauac
Chicchan Oc Men Ahau
The days cycle through the numbers and through the names
independently. The sequence of tzolkin days thus runs:
1 Imix
2 Ik
3 Akbal
4 Kan
. . .
13 Ben
1 Ix (here we repeat the cycle of numbers)
2 Men
3 Cib
4 Caban
5 Edznab
6 Cauac
7 Ahau
8 Imix (here we repeat the cycle of names)
9 Ik
10 Akbal
. . .
There are 260 elements in this sequence. That is because 260 is
the least common multiple of 13 and 20. Thus the cycle of (13)
tzolkin day numbers combined with (20) tzolkin day names repeats
each 260 days.
In order to explain this 260day calendrical cycle some have
speculated that the Mayas chose this number of days because their
allegedly advanced astronomical knowledge revealed to them that a
period of 260 days fits well with certain astronomical periods, such
as the eclipseyear. A more prosaic explanation is that there were
originally two branches of Maya society, one of which used a 13day
cycle of numbered days and the other a 20day cycle of named days.
(There is a set of thirteen Maya gods, which may be the origin of
the 13 numbered days, similar to our week.) Then at some point in
early Maya history the two groups merged, combining the two
calendars so that neither group would lose their method of
dayreckoning, resulting in the 260day cycle as described above.
Mayan Civil Calendar  Haab dates
The Mayas also maintained a socalled "civil" calendar,
called the "haab". This was similar to our calendar in
that it consisted of months, and within months, of days numbered
consecutively. However, unlike our calendar, the haab cycle is made
up of eighteen months of twenty days each, plus five days at the end
of the year. The eighteen names for the months (in the order: Pop,
Uo, Zip ...) are:
Pop Xul Zac Pax
Uo Yaxkin Ceh Kayab
Zip Mol Mac Cumku
Zodz Chen Kankin
Zec Yax Muan
The five extra days formed the "month" of Uayeb,
meaning "nameless". The five "nameless" days
were considered unlucky. One did not get married in Uayeb. The haab
cycle thus consisted of 18*20 + 5 = 365 days, the integral number of
days closest to the mean solar year of 365.2422 mean solar days.
The sequence of days from the first day of the year to the last
thus runs as follows:
0 Pop
1 Pop
...
19 Pop
0 Zip
1 Zip
...
19 Zip
0 Zodz
...
19 Cumku
0 Uayeb
...
4 Uayeb
For most of Maya history the first day of Pop was denoted by 0
Pop and the last by 19 Pop. However, on the eve of the Spanish
conquest the first day of Pop began to be numbered 1, and the last
day 20 (except for Uayeb), so that the year began with 1 Pop and
ended with 5 Uayeb.
There is some uncertainty as to whether (what has usually been
taken to be) the first day of each haab month (e.g., 0 Zip)
is really the last (i.e., the 20th, or the 5th) day of the
preceding month (Pop
in this case), or in other words, whether the last day of each month
was actually written as "the day before the beginning of (the
next) month", where the glyph translated as "the seating
of" was used with the meaning of "the day before the
beginning of the next month, namely ...". 0 Zip
can be interpreted either as the first day of Zip
or as the last day of Pop,
but unfortunately the classic Maya are no longer here to tell us how
they understood this date.
The Maya calendar round
The tzolkin and the haab are each cycles of days; the former
is a cycle of 260 days and the latter is a cycle of 365 days. When
specifying a day the Maya usually used both the tzolkin date and the
haab date, as in 4 Ahau 3 Kankin. For the Mayas these two
cycles ran together and concurrently, as shown by the following
sequence of days:
Tzolkin
date
10 Ben
11 Ix
12 Men
13 Cib
1 Caban
2 Edznab
3 Cauac
4 Ahau
5 Imix
6 Ik
7 Akbal
8 Kan
...
12 Imix
13 Ik
1 Akbal
2 Kan
3 Chicchan
4 Cimi
5 Manik
6 Lamat
7 Muluc
... 
Haab
date
11 Kayab
12 Kayab
13 Kayab
14 Kayab
15 Kayab
16 Kayab
17 Kayab
18 Kayab
19 Kayab
0 Cumku
1 Cumku
2 Cumku
...
19 Cumku
0 Uayeb
1 Uayeb
2 Uayeb
3 Uayeb
4 Uayeb
0 Pop
1 Pop
2 Pop
... 
Since 260 = 4*5*13 and 365 = 5*73, the earliest that a tzolkin/haab
date combination can repeat is after 4*5*13*73 = 18,980 days, or
just short of 52 solar years. This cycle of 18,980 days is called
the Maya calendar round.
Maya long count dates are often given in association
with the corresponding tzolkin/haab date, as in:
8.11.7.13.5 3 Chicchan 8 Kankin
10.1.19.15.17 12 Caban 0
Yax
10.3.8.14.4 6 Kan
0 Pop
10.6.2.0.9 9 Muluc
7 Yax
10.6.10.12.16 3 Cib
9 Uo
A particular tzolkin/haab date recurs every 18,980 days, whereas
a long count date (assuming that the long count starts over at
0.0.0.0.0 on reaching 13.0.0.0.0) recurs every 1,872,000 days (once
in 5,125.37 years). The combination of a long count date and a
tzolkin/haab date occurs only once every 136,656,000 days
(approximately 374,152 years or 73 Maya eras). The Mayan
Calendar conversion applet below gives the following dates:
Start of the Mayan calendar (long count cycle):
0.0.0.0.0 [ 4 Ahau 8 Cumku
] is Aug 10, 3113 BC
End of the Mayan calendar (long count cycle):
13.0.0.0.0 [ 4 Ahau 3 Kankin ] is
Dec 21, 2012 AD
DATE CONVERSION
APPLET
If you have a Javaenabled browser, you will see an interactive calendar converter routine below. Fill in the Gregorian Date in
the top fields (day, month number, year) and press `Convert' to
find the Maya calendar date corresponding to that. Please note that the
order is day, month, year.
Note: This Java applet uses the 584,283 correlation. If you prefer the
584,285 correlation, you have to subtract 2 days from the date you want
to convert. For instance: Jan 1, 1996 would become Dec 30, 1995.
Check out these Mayan
Calendar Conversion Tools
OTHER CALENDAR SYSTEMS
Julian dates
The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C., is
the basis of our modern calendar. It consists of a system of twelve
months, January, February, etc. (although New Year's Day has not
always been January 1st). If the number of the year is divisible by
4 then February has 29 days, otherwise it has 28. A date in the
Julian calendar is termed a Julian date.
The Romans identified their years as a number of years supposed
to have elapsed since the founding of Rome (which we now date as
having occurred in 753 B.C.) Following the merger (under
Constantine) of the Christian Church and the Roman Imperium years
came to be numbered with reference to the year of the birth of
Christ (now regarded as actually having occurred in 4 B.C.) In this
system the year immediately before the year 1 A.D. is the year 1
B.C.
Astronomers use a system, which is also used in Mayan
Calendrics, in which the year prior to the year 1 is the
year 0. Thus 1 B.C. is the year 0, 2 B.C. is the year 1, 3 B.C. is
the year 2, and so on. More generally the year n B.C. in
common usage is said by astronomers to be the year (n1). (See more
on this in section 7.)
According to Aveni [5], p.127, "the serial numbering of the
years as we know them did not actually begin until the sixth century
..." Thus dates prior to 600 are always uncertain. The Emperor
Augustus also tinkered with the lengths of the months during his
reign, introducing a further element of uncertainty, and it is also
possible that the Council of Nicea (325 A.D.) readjusted the
calendar by a couple of days.
Gregorian dates
The average length of a year in the Julian calendar is 365.25
days, differing from the value of the mean solar year by about .0078
days. This resulted in a slow shift of the Julian calendrical year
with respect to the solar year (i.e. to the solstices and
equinoxes). By the 16th Century the Julian calendar was seriously
out of synch with the seasons and Pope Gregory XIII introduced the
Gregorian Calendar. This involved three changes:
(a) The day following October 4, 1582, was declared to be October
15, 1582, thereby excising ten days from the calendar.
(b) A year was declared to be a leap year if (i) it was divisible
by 4 but not by 100 or (ii) it was divisible by 400.
(c) New rules for determining the date of Easter were introduced.
The Gregorian Calendar is now commonly used throughout the West
and is the de facto international common calendar. There have
been numerous suggestions for replacing it with a more
"rational" calendar, but old habits die hard and any
change would be expensive.
Julian day numbers
Astronomers use a system of dating days known as the Julian
day number system, in which a day is identified as that day
which is a certain number of days before or after the day
47120101 (January 1st, 4713 B.C.) in the Julian calendar. Thus,
for example, the day whose Julian day number is 584,283 is September
6, 3113 in the Julian calendar, 584,283 days after January 1st,
4712 J. This day is also August 11th, 3113 in the Gregorian
calendar. By 20010101 G we will have reached the day whose Julian
day number is 2,451,991, by which time nearly twoandahalf million
days will have elapsed since 47120101 J.
CALENDAR SPIRALS
Sequences and cycles are readily described as spirals in the
Dreamspell and sacred geometries. The numbers of the Pythagorean
Lambdoma are 1, 1, 1, 1 an 1, 2, 3, 4. This is an obvious sequencing
that can be understood in cycles. The Fibonacci spiral is fundamental
to all life forms. The Fibonacci is a simple matrix that starts
with 1 then adds 1 to get a sum of 2 the adds the previous number
back into itself to get a sum of 3 (I +2=3) then repeats that
sequence to get a sum of 5 (3+2=5). Primary numbers of the
Fibonacci on the number 1 carried to 13 places are: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5 8,
13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233.
Solar systems are designed by nature in Fibonacci spirals as are
human hands, sunflowers, and shells. This sequencing is a
fundamental design tool of Creation. Spectacular patterns are found
by applying the Fibonacci spiral to key numbers of the Mayan
calendar: 20, 13 and 18. The sacred calendar (Tzolkin) uses 20 and
13 The civil calendar (Haab) uses 20 and 18. The common denominator
of both is 20. If you apply the Fibonacci sequence to the number 20 and
carry the sequence out to 26 places, then multiply each number
of the sequence by 13, then divided it by 18 you will discover that the
results of these factors shifts and starts new internal sequencing
at the 13th place in each sequence. The 12th place comples a
sequence and the 13th starts a new sequence internally.
The 12th glyph of the Dreamspell is 'Human' and the 13th glyph is
"Skywalker". The sacred calendar is 260 days and the civil
calendar is 360 days with 5 unlucky days that are not counted. The
Maya were well aware that a solar system is 365 days but chose to
memorialize the number 360. Their simultaneous use of two calendars
with astrology arrayed sets of ratios and sequences yet accounted
for each day of the year in a way utterly foreign to the European
calendar. The number 360 symbolizes space in a 360degree circle or
sphere. When a 360day civil calendar symbolizing space is arrayed
with a 260day sacred calendar symbolizing fourth dimensional time,
timespace ratios (coordinates) are discovered. The civil and sacred
calendars synchronize every 52 years, so 52 is a central fractal of
the calendars.
The number 20 used in a Fibonacci matrix and factored with 13 and
18 produces internal sequences and cycles in the 12th and 13th
places. With 12 solar months to 13 lunar months, the 12:13
relationship is part of nature's planetary design.
END DATES
There have been many projected dates for the ending of the Mayan
calendar, ranging from 1957 to 2050. The 2012 enddate was defined
by the Thompson Projection. Thompson's projection used a daybyday
count to cross reference the Mayan to the European calendar rather
than a count of years. This bypassed the problem of year names in
the Gregorian system. Jose & Lloydine agreed with Thompson's
2012 date. More importantly, the 2012 date works with the hard facts
evidenced by the accuracy of the July 26, 1992 Time Shift. Terence
McKenna and Peter Meyer's Timewave Zero software that graphs time as
a fractal demonstrates by graph the accuracy of the winter solstice
of 2012 as the correct enddate of the Mayan calendar with graph
anomalies appearing in the months of July.
SIMILARITY OF WORLD CALENDARS
Beyond the stargates of this planet and solar system lies a
cosmic scheme of underlying order in which the earth's flow of
history unfolds in patterns of time. Galactic travelers have long
traversed the corridors of time and space, and
periodically visited
this solar system. The evidence of archaeological ruins are mute testimony to the presence of intelligent builders
in now ancient history. The evidence is clear. Someone with advanced
knowledge of astronomy has visited peoples of this planet and left
calendars as a signature note. This is discovered in correspondences
of world calendars: Mayan, Tibetan, African, Vedic, and Hebraic.
Similar calendar schemes are found in each of these cultures.
The European calendar mandated by Pope Gregory in 1583 is the
only world calendar that did not intercalate at least two celestial
cycles. The Hebraic calendar acquired by Enoch after he was
translated in a beam of light intercalated solar and lunar cycles in
a fashion similar to the Maya. The Dogon in Africa were given four
calendars by visitors from Sirius B: Solar, lunar, Venusian, and
civil. The Tibetan calendar is so similar to the Mayan that
traditional scholars now speculate that they share a common origin.
The Vedic calendar is based on cosmic cycles, or Yugas. An ancient
Hindu astrology used 27 houses of 13 degrees 20 minutes, which are
key numbers in the Mayan calendar.
These calendars provided a time management tool that synchronized
planetary cycles with visits from the stars. The Dogon calendar
identified the 12 or 13th Century as the date of last visit; the
Mayan calendar identified July 11, 1991, as an upcoming date of
visit. Both of these dates coincided with significant planetary
cycles.
The cultures visited by the Galactic Maya were shamanic. Ancient
Hebraic instructions for building altars and using precious and
semiprecious stones are identical to those used by Native Americans.
The ancient Tibetans were shamanic. The Dogon and Maya are shamanic.
The Galactic Maya were shamanic.
Ancient Hebraic instructions for building altars and using
precious and semiprecious stones are identical to those used by
Native Americans. The ancient Tibetans were shamanic. The Galactic
Maya were shamans of planetary sciences, Cosmic Shamans who
understood and utilized the cosmic flow of events. Their secrets
were left with shaman in cultures who held the keys of their
sciences. Until now the shaman's craft has appeared as superstition
that scattered before the power of Europeanbased science. But that
same science has now brought planet to her knees in destruction of
the biosphere.
